Multiple pregnancies, in which two or more children grow up in one pregnancy, are very rare. When can it be detected whether a woman is pregnant with twins, triplets, or quadruplets? What must be considered in such a pregnancy? Here the most important questions will be answered.
What are multiple pregnancies?
Multiples are two or more children who develop at the same time and are born in quick succession.In a pair of twins, only 30% are identical. Identical children have the same blood type, best glass baby bottles for newborns the same sex, and hardly differ from the outside. Identical twins arise by chance during cell division, the appearance of fraternal twins is often hereditary.
Multiple pregnancies with triplets, quadruplets, or more babies can consist of different combinations of identical and fraternal babies.
What is the probability of getting pregnant with twins, triplets, or quadruplets?
According to the so-called slipway rule, the probability of a twin pregnancy is 1 in 85%. One in 7,000 pregnancies is a triplet pregnancy and one under 600,000 is a quadruple pregnancy.
However, the number of multiple pregnancies has increased considerably in recent decades. This is due to increased hormone treatments and artificial insemination.
According to the Federal Statistical Office, there were eleven quadruple births in 2015.
In women who are older than 35 years old and have already given birth to a child or multiples, the likelihood of a (re)multiple pregnancies is increased.
Signs of multiple pregnancies
Many women ask themselves the question of whether they notice multiple pregnancies. Although there are no concrete signs of multiple pregnancies, some evidence may still point to it. Thus, in multiple pregnancies, there is significantly more HCG in the woman’s blood, which often leads to very early nausea. Also, the weight limit for baby swing gain takes place earlier in a pregnancy with twins, triplets, or even more babies.
How do multiple pregnancies proceed?
Multiple pregnancies are classified by doctors as high-risk pregnancies because the course of pregnancy carries certain dangers for multiples. Multiple pregnancies also represent a much greater burden for the expectant mother.
What complications can occur with multiple pregnancies?
It is very common in multiple pregnancies due to a premature rupture of the bladder or cervical insufficiency often to premature birth.
There are also differences in how long a woman with multiples is pregnant. While a simple pregnancy lasts an average of 267 days, it shortens to about 262 days in twins and 247 days in triplets.
Furthermore, multiple pregnancies can lead to
- growth disorders
- intrauterine fruit death or
- a rare blood circulation and nutritional disorder (felt fetal transfusion syndrome, FFTS).
In FFTS, an unborn child develops at the expense of the other children. The weaker ones lag behind in their development.
What are the treatment options for a woman with multiple pregnancies?
If a woman is pregnant with two or more children, she receives particularly intensive medical treatment and care. For example, preventive examinations are carried out at a shorter distance. This allows a doctor to intervene more quickly if complications occur.
Doctors generally try to maintain multiple pregnancies for as long as possible so that the children are well developed at birth. In many cases, however, birth at an earlier point in time cannot be avoided, for example, if a child is not adequately cared for or labor occurs early. Medications can help the babies’ lungs mature faster. This allows the babies to breathe better after birth.
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